挪威 urged to ‘let the 油 lie’

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NEWS ANALYSIS: The strongest warnings ever about the hazards of 气候 change, issued over the weekend, have prompted 挪威’新任环境部长承诺,将在包括印度在内的所有部门削减排放量’重要的石油工业。其他人则敦促停止在挪威大陆架上的所有油气勘探,并呼吁政治和商业领袖让已经发现的油气埋在地下,以使该国摆脱其破坏气候的活动。

Oseberg油田中心已经受到罢工的打击,现在可能导致停工,这将关闭北海中所有挪威的石油设施。照片:挪威国家石油公司/Øyvindhagen

New, dire predictions about the effects of carbon emissions have renewed calls for 挪威 to dramatically cut its own, not least those from its offshore 油 fields and industrial facilities. 挪威’但是,石油工业为经济发展提供了动力’对减少能源生产具有强大的抵抗力。照片:Statoil /ØyvindHagen

“The 政府 will bring down all emissions in 挪威, from industry, from energy production, from 运输 and from construction,” 挪威’环境保护部长蒂恩·桑托夫特(Tine Sundtoft)在联合国发表讲话后说’气候变化特别小组在周日发布了最新的令人震惊的报告。

挪威’巨大的石油和天然气行业确实为该国加油’不过,挪威的经济状况以及挪威政界人士先前提出的减少排放港的崇高承诺’被满足。由三个据称对环境友好的政党组成的前左中央联盟政府未能在Statoil建造其大肆宣传的碳捕集厂’的蒙斯塔德(Mongstad)炼油厂推动了北极新地区的开发,以进行更多的海上石油和天然气勘探,并且几乎批准了在风景秀丽的罗弗敦(Lofoten)和韦斯特奥伦(Vesterålen)的钻探。尽管有关于减少排放量的政治言论,尤其是前工党总理延斯·斯托尔滕贝格(Jens Stoltenberg)的言论,但石油和天然气行业所创造的就业机会对工党领导的联盟似乎最为重要。前油&同时,来自中央党的能源部长Ola Borten Moe乐观地希望开放新的油气田,尽管他的党员’倾向于以绿色装饰自己。他的乐观态度助长了党内的深层分歧。

Tine Sundtoft, 挪威's new minister for the 环境 from the Conservative Party, is now left to implement the emissions cuts the former left-center 政府 failed to make. PHOTO: Klima- og Miljøverndepartementet

Tine Sundtoft, 挪威’保守党新任环境大臣现在被留下来实施前左中政府未能实现的减排目标。照片:Klimaogmiljødepartementet

It now seems left to the new conservative 政府 to crack down on carbon emissions if 挪威 should have any hope of meeting its 气候 goals. Sundtoft, from the Conservative Party herself, seems an even less likely champion of emissions cuts than her predecessors in the former left-center 政府, but she delivered some surprisingly tough messages on Sunday.

“联合国的报告’s 气候 panel shows that we also, in 挪威, must cut emissions,”她告诉挪威广播电台(NRK)。“我们必须削减石油和天然气。”她还很快提到了许多其他减少排放的方法,但她清楚地表明,石油行业也必须削减排放量,而且联合国气候小组本身(不仅是环保主义者)也面临削减排放量的压力。

Emissions high in 挪威
It’s the 油 and gas industry that makes 挪威’s emissions so high on a per capita basis. Given 挪威’相对较小的人口(约500万人),所有减少排放量的努力(从驾驶电动汽车到减少航空旅行)加在一起’t have as great an effect as some serious cuts in the energy sector would. Demands for Statoil to fully electrify new 油 and gas fields or go along with the carbon capture project at its Mongstad refinery have met strong resistance, though, because of their cost, while the company also refuses to pull out of its controversial 油/tar sands project in Canada or stop exploring for new 油 and gas off 挪威.

It’出售给他们的石油公司和离岸公司希望保留其核心业务活动是很自然的。现在,他们承受着减少某些活动的压力。“We’通过我们的石油和天然气出口重新向世界注入了二氧化碳,” claimed Lars Haltbrekken,  leader of 挪威’《地球之友》一章 (Naturvernforbund). “我们对泄漏的大部分排放负有责任。”

有了新的联合国小组’s report showing “dramatic development”关于排放量,霍尔特布雷肯建议“我们发现必须将多达85%的(石油和天然气)储量留在地下。它’仅仅减少煤炭消耗还不够,我们还必须将石油和天然气的消耗减少一半。”

‘特殊责任’
As an 油 and gas nation, he believes 挪威 has a “特殊责任”减少石油生产和排放。“It’继续寻找更多的石油和天然气毫无意义,”Haltbrekken告诉报纸 达格萨维森 在星期一。“挪威应承担责任并取消勘探作业。”社会主义左翼党提出了相同的建议,即使它没有’在政府任职八年后,成功地减少了勘探工作。

桑托夫特·唐’t directly address proposals to halt exploration, seen as unrealistic in many circles, but repeated vows of energy production cuts throughout the day. She also pointed to other many other measures such as more funding for railroad projects to get more cars and trucks off the road. 挪威 has long emphasized public 运输ation over private car use and already ranks as having a high percentage of electric cars. New construction projects should be built close to public 运输 hubs, she said, and buildings must be more 环境ally friendly. Pressure is on to also invest in more renewable energy projects, not least through 挪威’庞大的主权财富基金。

还呼吁向议会提交关于减少排放的进展,执行气候措施及其效果的强制性年度报告。社会主义左翼党提出了所谓的年度“climate budgets”并且正在获得工党,自由党和基督教民主主义者的支持。 Sundtoft也似乎对这个想法持开放态度,以此作为对政府负责的一种手段。

newsinenglish.no/妮娜·伯格伦德(Nina Berglund)