外国配偶经常易受伤害

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A murder trial beginning this week in Northern 挪威 points up the lack of security and even potential hazards facing newly arrived foreign spouses of Norwegian citizens, and their children. So-called “love-” or “marriage-immigrants”往往完全依赖其挪威配偶,这会使他们容易受到剥削和危险局势的影响。

一名挪威男子被控谋杀他的妻子来自泰国,她的儿子本周在瓦兹(Vadsø)的Øst-FinnmarkTingrett接受了审判。照片:Norges domstoler

周一在瓦兹(Vadsø)的Øst-Finnmark法院开始的审判显示了最坏的情况。一名来自Kirkenes的59岁的挪威男子被控谋杀他来自泰国的37岁妻子和她的12岁儿子,然后在去年八月的一个夏末夜晚将步枪对准自己。他幸存下来,并承认枪击事件,但他否认’犯了刑事罪。他从伤口恢复了足够的证词后,于周一在法庭上声称他没有’记得枪击事件中的任何事情。

谋杀案震惊了基尔肯内斯 and not least its Thai community, which includes several Thai women who have married local Norwegian men. Immigrants can often be viewed as a positive new resource for many of 挪威’的中小城镇,尤其是偏远的城镇。报纸 Aftenposten 例如,在2015年的报告中, 比格·诺尔格 (Small-town 挪威) has taken a dive in recent years, with many young female residents opting to move to Oslo or other cities, to study or work. “There aren’t many women here,”证实有一个年轻人住在基尔肯内斯以南的Stor-Elvdal。同样在该国的另一端,他经历了与’s prompted men elsewhere in 挪威 to find wives abroad; a sheer lack of eligible partners.

Researchers hasten to note that the vast majority of those marrying Norwegians and moving to 挪威 end up with good lives in what’s been ranked as the 世界’s happiest country。他们不’但是,在语言培训和融入计划方面,他们得不到国家向难民提供的任何支持,而且常常发现自己依赖于配偶或配偶’s family. Many foreign women, especially from Asia and Africa, who marry Norwegian men have admittedly sought a better life in 挪威. 的y can end up in unhappy marriages, and stuck in them because of controversial clauses in Norwegian immigration law.

受到阻碍‘three-year rule’
皮姆西里·松恩加姆(Pimsiri Songngam)叫皮姆(Pim),儿子叫贝尔特(Belt),和她的新挪威丈夫一起住在柯克内斯。她先来,贝尔特后来到。据报道,两人都在睡觉时被枪杀。就在三天前,她出现在基尔肯内斯的警察局,并有纸条声称她是受害者。“心理上的暴力行为。”她还计划与儿子一起搬到当地危机中心安排的公寓,作为结束与挪威人婚姻的第一步。她已经获得了在挪威的永久居留许可,但想确保她的儿子也能够与她一起留在挪威。在她和儿子计划搬离挪威丈夫的前一天,两人都被杀害’s home.

It’s not the first time immigrant women have become victims of their spouses in 挪威, and the murder already has highlighted the 痛苦的教训 关于那些现在被称为“跨国婚姻。” Now it’s raising new objections to 挪威’s so-called “three-year rule,” which decrees that immigrants coming to 挪威 with a Norwegian spouse must remain married while physically present in 挪威 for at least three years before they qualify for permanent residence permits.

“我们多年来一直在警告当局(关于三年规则),但是没有一个政客敢于触及它,” Tove Smaadahl, leader of 挪威’危机中心秘书处告诉 磁石 整个周末。“三年制赋予了跨国婚姻中的挪威男人巨大的权力。许多(妇女)仍然处于危险的关系中,因为他们’ll be thrown out of 挪威 if they leave their husband before three years have passed.” In some cases, the Norwegian spouse dumps their foreign partner before the three years are up, which also generally means the foreigner will be expelled from 挪威.

开放供剥削
一些律师和移民倡导者认为,一些挪威人有意识地使用三年规则来剥削外国配偶。挪威北部特罗姆瑟(Tromsø)地区危机中心负责人汉娜·斯滕瓦格(Hanne Stenvaag)指出了几个例子,其中挪威男子扬言要把妻子送回自己的家园。这使他们的妻子容易受到社会和经济控制,行动自由受到限制,性压力和身体暴力。最终,如果当局将其等同于合法的人口贩运,他们就会陷入困境。

报纸 Aftenposten reported a case over the weekend of an Asian woman who met and married a Norwegian man and moved with him and her two children to 挪威. Once in 挪威, all three were subjected to physical abuse and when he lost his job, they were forced to work night and day in a restaurant to pay him NOK 20,000 a month, which he gambled away online. She had no network of her own in 挪威, couldn’不懂语言,对她的任何权利一无所知。

“其中一些人的举止很难让人相信,”Gro Wildhagen是一位律师,曾在挪威代表许多外国配偶。“大多数人不知道这些情况有多严重。”奥斯陆研究机构Fafo的Guri Tyldum同意研究跨国婚姻已有多年。她指出,挪威的配偶知道该语言以及挪威社会的运作方式,而他们的外国配偶是没有该语言或没有网络的外国人。许多与外国妇女结婚的挪威男人本身在挪威很孤单,这意味着这对夫妻可以过着孤立的生活。

成千上万的潜在受害者
Last year alone, 1,109 women and 233 men from Thailand were allowed to move to 挪威 on the grounds of family reunification. That’s second only to Syrians in the statistics compiled by 挪威’s 移民 agency UDI. All told, around 4,250 foreign women arrive in 挪威 every year to live with their Norwegian husbands, according to state statistics bureau SSB (Statistics 挪威), which compiled the figure for Aftenposten. Around 3,460 children also came to 挪威 during the past five years, via their mothers’与挪威男人结婚。

自挪威政客以来,根据Fafo的Tyldum所说,他们的管理方式主要取决于配偶。“很大程度上将他们的融合留给了已婚男人。对于那些发现一个愿意帮助他们融入社会的好人的人来说,这很好,而其他人却发现自己无能为力甚至是暴力。 ”

挪威Per Sandberg’负责移民和融合的代理政府部长及其保守的进步党多年来一直在强调融合的必要性。他和部长西尔维·李斯特豪格(Sylvi Listhaug)大多似乎将融合作为新移民的责任,而桑德伯格(Sandberg)’对律师发表评论’声称挪威人如何限制自己的配偶’ and children’的整合。然而,外交部发言人指出,现在预计所有新来挪威的人都将参加由国家提供的有关语言和社会的课程。但是,报价远不如向难民提供的报价宽泛。’对于所需的出勤情况很少进行跟进。

国家危机中心系统的Smaadahl也引用了她所说的“serial importers” of foreign brides. “我们危机中心的一些妇女被同一个人虐待,” she told Aftenposten.

延长三年规则暂停
挪威’s conservative 政府 coalition last year proposed extending the residence requirement in 挪威 from three to five years. Several organizations including the Norwegian Bar Association, the state equality ombud, the directorate for 积分 and diversity and the 警察 all protested, on the grounds that the 三年规则 already left foreign spouses vulnerable to exploitation. 的 proposal was ultimately withdrawn, leaving the three-rule intact.

呼叫也继续进行以撤回。“打破任何暴力关系需要勇气,”社会主义左翼党(SV)议员卡琳·安德森(Karin Andersen)告诉 磁石. “对于移民妇女而言,三年的规定是一个额外的负担。”安德森(Andersen)是对该提案延长至五年的强烈批评者,’相信现行规定为移民配偶提供了足够的保护。

它目前仍保留在书本上,但围绕本周的争议已经浮出水面’的谋杀案。州官员强调,可以证明自己受到身体虐待的移民可以免于该规定。去年行使这项权利的109名妇女中,有73名获胜。其他要求被驳回,而Tyldum担心还有许多其他问题’意识到潜在的豁免。

她采访过的许多女性都觉得自己无法控制自己的生活,必须在保持破坏性关系还是不得不再次连根拔起并离开该国之间做出选择。警察局长艾伦·凯特琳·哈塔(Ellen KatrineHætta)在基尔肯内斯称谋杀案正在进行“enormously tragic.” She doesn’但是,我认为警察本可以采取任何其他措施。

“The 警察 can’不能参与所有离婚案件,” Hætta told 磁石. “We can’t have that.”

newsinenglish.no/妮娜·伯格伦德(Nina Berglund)