挪威国防部’的全新监视船，在当地媒体中被称为“国家”’s “spy ship,” is taking over intelligence-gathering duties this year at a time of renewed tensions with 俄国. Some experts on 俄国n relations warn the ship may provoke 俄国n officials, just when cooperation is needed on a wide range of issues including refugee returns, but most agree it’s needed to gain more information on 俄国’北部的军事集结。
It was just last week that 挪威’s new 防御 chief claimed that 俄国 poses a “considerable risk’ regarding long-term security in the 北极. Both 俄国 and China have come to be viewed as being most active among countries spying on 挪威, but now 挪威, backed by the US and other 北约 allies, has better equipped itself to spy on 俄国 as well.
The latest version of 挪威’的监视船叫 玛雅塔 被称为“milestone”军事情报局 电子杂志’s 海上监视。它’也被称为“挪美合作项目，”美国军事情报官员密切参与其在美国海军武器站约克镇的潜艇，其他船只和飞行监视设备的装备– Cheatham Annex in Virginia. The US connection to the vessel has made the 俄国ns “特别注意”奥斯陆和平研究所PRIO的Pavel K Baev教授争辩说，参与该项目。
“I think perhaps the 俄国n side is quite upset, since 俄国n 军事 activity in the (Arctic) area is rising every year,”鲍夫告诉挪威广播电台（NRK）。“They would certainly prefer that their 军事 activity is kept hidden. 俄国 also wants control to conduct its propaganda.”
Baev认为挪威需要容忍与其新关系有关的任何额外紧张局势“spy ship,” though, since the need for monitoring 俄国n 军事 movements is high. Norwegian politicians who approved funding for and construction of the vessel also must take the heat, even when they need 俄国n cooperation in following through on an agreement to return hundreds of 庇护 seekers who crossed the northern border between the two countries into 挪威 last year. 新闻paper 达格萨维森 reported on Monday that of the 200 to 300 that 俄国 agreed to take back after negotiations with the Norwegians, only eight 庇护 seekers have actually been sent to either Moscow of St Petersburg.
俄国’s decision to allow an estimated 5,500 庇护 seekers to head for the otherwise restricted area around the border area, and cross into 挪威, added to tensions last year that already were high because of 俄国’在乌克兰的军事干预。经过数月的混乱，终于在边界附近重新建立了限制，然后进行了关于挪威的谈判’s demand that those already holding residence permission in 俄国 be sent back. 俄国 only agreed to take back the 200-300 and now even those returns are proceeding slowly.
“We have ongoing contact with the 俄国n authorities,”司法部国务卿汉妮·艾弗森（Hanne Iversen）告诉 达格萨维森. “我们必须彻底处理这些案件。当然我们’d like quicker returns, but we have ongoing contact with the 俄国n authorities to ensure a common understanding.”
挪威的发射’新的监视船 is primarily aimed at monitoring the 俄国n 军事, including the testing of intercontinental missiles. Baev, who specializes in 俄国n issues, said the timing of the launch of the new 玛雅塔 因此，即使具有挑衅性，它也是完美的。
“考虑到当前对挪威的潜在危险和威胁程度，以及东部和北约之间总体紧张局势的加剧，’至关重要的是要更好地了解什么’在另一边” Baev told NRK.
挪威国防机构的Tor Bukkvoll’自己的研究所 （Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt） said he expected official protests over the new surveillance vessel from the 俄国ns, but doesn’认为它将促使挪威发生任何变化’s and 北约’自己的监视活动。
“It’s clear that 俄国 is worried about 北约’在可乐半岛自己基地附近的地区，” Bukkvoll told NRK. “但同时，他们’已经习惯了很长时间了。”