挪威 caught in 王牌’s 贸易战

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Foreign Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide disclosed on Friday that the US 王牌 Administration has not exempted 挪威 from its harsh new tariffs on steel and aluminum. The Norwegian 政府, which earlier had criticized the US’ threatened protectionism, called US President Donald 王牌’新的贸易壁垒“严重而令人担忧。”

挪威’s Foreign Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide was warmly received by US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in Washington just two months ago. Tillerson has since been fired and now his former boss, US President Donald 王牌, has hit 挪威 and many other countries around the world with punitive import tariffs on steel and aluminum. PHOTO: Ambassaden i Washington/Johanne Furuseth

“American authorities informed us late last night (Thursday) that 挪威 is not among the countries that have been exempted from the US’钢铁和铝的新关税,”Søreide在给挪威广播公司(NRK)的电子邮件中写道。

All the countries in the European Union (EU) plus Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and South Korea have been exempted, but not 挪威. The US’ punitive action comes despite 挪威’自己与欧盟的全面贸易协议,要求欧盟遵守大多数欧盟指令和法规。来自华盛顿的消息是在挪威议会也投票通过数小时之后 加入欧盟’s new energy union,尽管存在争议。

挪威’s 密切联系 to and, some argue, de facto inclusion in the EU apparently carried no weight with the 王牌 Administration. Nor did the much-hyped status of the US and 挪威 as “close allies,”北约的同胞或关于“excellent relations” and “close ties”当索雷德和总理埃尔纳·索尔伯格访问美国总统和他的几位最高内阁成员包括索雷德时,这都是特朗普本人产生的’当时的国务卿雷克斯·蒂勒森(Rex Tillerson)特朗普此后解雇了他。

挪威 ‘no threat to the USA’
“我们(挪威政府)今天将与美国当局在华盛顿和奥斯陆进行跟进,” Søreide told NRK. “我们期待着WTO(世界贸易组织)’s regulations to be respected and that 挪威 will be treated equally in this case.

外交大臣索雷德在欧洲议会上讲话’的外交关系委员会本周早些时候。照片:Utenriksdepartementet

“挪威的出口对美国没有威胁,” Søreide added. “今天我们将向美国澄清这一点。” 王牌’新关税将在挪威时间星期五下午5点生效。

挪威 exports the vast majority of its aluminum to Europe and other countries, and very little to the US. What worries and upsets Søreide and other Norwegian authorities is the lack of respect for 贸易 treaties that’s behind 王牌’决定惩罚他认为对美国构成威胁的国家’自己的产品。因此,他选择了一种保护主义品牌,世界上大多数其他国家多年来一直在试图消除这种主义。

‘引起对尊重的怀疑’
“美国已决定对铝和钢铁实施贸易障碍,这是严重而令人担忧的,” Søreide stated. “这引起了人们对尊重基于规则的多边贸易体系的怀疑。我们希望所有WTO成员都能遵守WTO规则。”

取而代之的是,来自美国以外所有国家的钢铁和铝’ initial list of exemptions are now subject to an extra customs duty of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum. 挪威 is now among those facing what amounts to a new punitive tax.

王牌’s official justification for the higher import duties is that US production of steel and aluminum has declined so much, because of competition from cheaper international producers, that it poses a national security risk. His new tariffs are especially targeted at China, which claimed Friday morning that 王牌 had thus started a “trade war”中国将为之奋斗。

更多适用于水电
Both aluminum and steel are important export products for 挪威, which currently ranks as Europe’最大的原铝生产商。其中大部分是由挪威工业公司Norsk Hydro ASA生产的,挪威国家拥有该公司34%的所有权。

NRK reported Friday that Hydro alone produces more raw aluminum than US producers do, leaving the US with a need to import nearly 5 million tons of a year. Hydro, which owns and operates four aluminum plants in 挪威, does not export directly to the US but rather from plants in Europe and teh Middle East. It’因此,预计不会受到美国的严重影响’新关税,但与美国政府一道反对特朗普’贸易保护主义的举动。

“这对整个铝行业都是不利的,”水电发言人Halvor Mollan告诉NRK。“我们的立场是,我们想要自由和开放的贸易,而且单方面的贸易壁垒可能导致世界货物流的变化。”水电,已经面临其他 巴西大型Alunorte铝冶炼厂遇到麻烦, also worries the US new 贸易 barriers can lead to 贸易战s if other nations implement measures to counter 王牌’s tariffs.

newsinenglish.no/妮娜·伯格伦德(Nina Berglund)